how to write an essay when applying for a scholarship

2011 employment and training research paper program

A surprising number of photographers never write a photography business plan. If you plan to embark on a career as a freelancer, you need a plan. A business plan is a road map to success. It outlines your business-related goals and how you intend to achieve them. There is no need to have a very formal business plan. But the components of a traditional business plan can help you be more specific about your goals. This way, you are more likely to achieve them.

How to write an essay when applying for a scholarship esl dissertation chapter ghostwriters sites for school

How to write an essay when applying for a scholarship

Students are encouraged to contact their instructors for additional information. Below are some common scholarship essay questions. You can use these as a great starting point for a personal statement. Some of these essay questions are used in the Maricopa Scholarship Database. This is a sample essay to help guide you when you are writing essays for scholarships. Keep in mind that all scholarship applications are different, so you may have to design your essay to meet those specific requirements.

Paragraph I State an overview of what you are going to talk about in the essay. If the essay is about you, give a brief description of your experiences, goals, aspirations, family background, etc. Touch on why you want the scholarship.

For as long as I could remember, I have wanted to be a veterinarian. I have been responsible for the care and feeding of pets ever since I was in the second grade. In high school, I participated in the 4-H club as well as the Junior Humane society. To reach my goals, I realize that I must pursue an eight year college education which will begin with the Fall semester.

I am very excited about my future and feel that with the opportunity your scholarship will provide, I can help many animals. For example, elaborate on your previous experiences, family and financial situation, volunteer work, employment, academic career, future goals, college plans, etc. My love for animals has been encouraged by my family and friends. I have had the opportunity to volunteer with the local animal shelter and provide basic care to the stray animals.

Scholarship committees read hundreds, or even thousands, of essays, so making your application stand out from the rest is crucial. With a few scholarship essay tips and tricks in mind, you can easily bring your scholarship application to the next level. If you wait until the last minute to write your scholarship essay, the quality will likely suffer.

To make sure that you have enough time for the planning phase, create a calendar like this one with the deadlines and requirements for all the scholarships you want to apply for. Make sure to give yourself plenty of time for brainstorming and proofreading! Hot tip : If you use Going Merry to find and apply for scholarships , you can save your favorite scholarships, and then our dashboard will keep track of all your upcoming deadlines for you. Learn more about how Going Merry works here.

Figure out who their ideal candidate is and how you fit into that picture. But be careful not to cater to their expectations too much. Rather, take a look at your strengths and then determine how you can spin them to become the ideal candidate. Hot tip : Not sure how to do this? Your topic can have a heavy impact on how well your essay turns out. Many scholarship essays use the same essay prompt.

Some scholarship providers even use the ones from the Common App or allow you to choose your own topic. This means you can literally copy and paste your essay to submit to multiple applications yay! Other times, scholarships use similar essay prompts, or ask questions that can be answered in the same way. You might be able to slightly change an existing essay, rather than writing a new one altogether. For example, these two prompts can often be answered the same way:. Since overcoming an obstacle often results in personal growth, if you have an essay for one of these prompts, you can usually tweak it to make it work for the other prompt.

Hot tip : Going Merry makes it easy for you by combining scholarships with similar essay prompts into application bundles. This way, you can apply for multiple scholarships with just one essay. Sign up today. Since the introduction is what draws the reader into your essay and convinces them to keep going, it should be one of the strongest parts of your essay.

Instead of starting off with a general overview, why not hook your reader with a surprising first line? For example, which of these two opening lines pulls you into the story more? Which one makes you want to keep going? My first time traveling abroad was during a family vacation to Mexico in It was ; I had just crossed the border into Mexico and my life was about to change. The second sentence gives the reader something to look for; it makes them curious about not only how your life changed during your trip but also why it changed.

It gives the readers unanswered questions and they have to keep reading to find the answers. Why should they keep reading? Creating a basic outline is a great way to make sure this happens! To create an outline, first organize your thoughts. Write down the main points that you definitely want to cover in your essay. Next, organize those thoughts into various sections: introduction, body, and conclusion. Your ideas can either be in sentence form, short phrases, or simple words — whatever you prefer!

Lastly, make sure your ideas flow in a logical order and, if necessary, add more detail under each point. Check out this source for more information. Similarly, consider just how much detail you should include. Providing some detail can make your point clearer or more compelling, but too much detail can bog down your essay. Connecting with an audience through writing can be challenging but, when done right, it can create a very powerful connection between the reader and the author. Showing your emotions is a great way to do that and to get the reader personally invested in your essay.

Showing emotion can help the reader see you as a person, rather than a faceless author.


Opinion you custom argumentative essay writer sites au possible speak

I went from being a lifeless student with barely passing grades to an honor roll student full of joy and excitement. Unfortunately, my story is not one of a kind. There are countless children in America who are put on mind-altering medications that do not adequately address their needs. I cannot help all of those children, but I can provide a better alternative for the ones in my area.

Through proper education, funded by financial aid, I can learn about psychological evaluations and provide the most accurate diagnoses possible. This is the type that required you to write an essay describing your financial need. In this case you are expected to relate the nature of your financial need. It is advisable that you maintain a positive tone throughout the essay, not self - pity.

While composing your essay, don't be dismissive of other people's financial deficiency. Show respect in everything you write while you are writing an essay describing your financial need. Furthermore, ensure that you tell your story with honesty. Don't use a tone that will make you sound needy. Rather, if you have a room for further disclosure, you can discuss your career goals. Want a scholarship essay sample on financial need?

Here is an example of a short scholarship essay on financial needs essay. I am the first person in my family to graduate high school, and thus the first to attend college. Both of my parents dropped out of school when they were teenagers. Because of their limited education, they have always worked in entry-level positions, earning barely enough to put food on the table. My first job I got was at the age of 12 delivering papers, and I have worked hard ever since to relieve pressure from my family.

I also have a Federal Pell Grant to cover my housing. However, I still need funding for books, supplies, and transportation to campus as needed. I am an engineering student, and our classes come with high fees. This scholarship would help me avoid costly student loans that could take years to repay. Writing an essay describing your financial need may be tasky.

However you know why you need some financial assistance. Tap into your circumstances and construct a perfect essay. In your scholarship application essay, you may be asked to explain your career goals. Well, it is logical that a scholarship committee would want to know how investing in your education will help your goals. What can you do to win their hearts? This may be like college scholarship essay examples.

Tie in the career goals with your scholarship. See how you can relate the two. Be precise about your career goals and discuss how your education will help you achieve your career goals. Below you will see scholarship essay examples about career goals. Here is a short scholarship essay on career goals:. My goal is to become a veterinarian, primarily serving rescue organizations and animal shelters. I was born and raised in the south, where it is common for people to abandon animals in rural areas.

Those animals then go into a rescue — emaciated, frightened, and confused. I want to work with rescues to provide affordable veterinary medicine to the animals they save. This scholarship would help me continue my education and potentially save thousands of abandoned animals in the future. Another medium sized scholarship essay for career goals is the following. I am studying the field of Linguistics with the goal of become a high school English teacher.

I will either major in English and minor in Linguistics or major in Linguistics with a minor in English. After I have completed my core courses in college, I will be able to take more classes related these fields and narrow down my degree decision.

I did not always want to be an English teacher. I always saw myself in some sort of corporate office, perhaps as an executive assistant or a loan officer at a bank. My father works in the finance office for a car dealership and my mother works at a call center.

I assumed I would follow a similar, albeit boring, path in life. In my junior year of high school, everything changed. My English teacher inspired me in ways I could have never imagined. She got me to love writing, literature, etymology, and everything about the English language.

She made me want to be a better student in all of my classes, and she helped me see the value of education. I decided then that I wanted to inspire other students just as she did for me. Since both of my parents are working-class citizens, they do not have much money to contribute toward my college expenses. I have earned a tuition scholarship based on my ACT score, but I still need additional funding for books and supplies.

English majors have particularly high book costs because we have to purchase multiple books for each class. With the help of this scholarship, I could afford to continue my degree and become an English teacher. There are a lot more types, eg college scholarship essay examples. These are all found on the Internet.

Checkout ongoing undergraduate scholarships to study abroad. The guide and scholarship essay format earlier mentioned in this article can serve as a scholarship template. Now, you might believe that there is no need to compose an essay that is structured in a specific way. But hey! You have to impress the scholarship board, right? Here are four reasons why you should use a scholarship essay template on a college scholarship essay, for instance.

It helps you plan properly. But a scholarship essay template will help in composing an essay in an amazing manner and promptly. Some scholarships use the same essay prompts. As you have seen in the previous section of the article, most essay prompts are being repeated. Statement of purpose for scholarship, financial needs essays, college scholarship essay or scholarship essay examples with career goals can be asked many times from various scholarship boards.

Having this mind, a template would give a hitch on what to write and how to express it. You may go out of point. Remember, we said that you should choose a topic that you are most passionate about for example, statement of purpose for scholarship. Well, for the same reason you have a zest for the topic in question, you may pour your thoughts openly without a coordinated manner.

Simply put, you may not know when to stop. So a scholarship template will definitely save you from all that stress and help you keep a coherent content. A template may help you in following the instructions. A scholarship outline is always given for the candidates to follow. Now templates such as that of the scholarship with career goals or high school scholarship essay will have similar instructions embedded in order to keep you on track. These templates will give you a great scholarship essay help.

We want you to get that scholarship and study in the place you desire. That's why we want you to be extra chart with your essay. There are some things you can do and there are some things you just have to avoid. So here is an extra scholarship essay help. Do be original: While you make sure that your essay is magnetizing, don't lose your identity in the process.

In writing a statement of purpose for scholarship, write boldly, be original. Don't be afraid about telling your story. Be humble and bold. If you are still wondering, how to use a scholarship essay template, then we have included copious of them in this article. Since a scholarship essay could be that thing you need to make your scholarship hunting process a successful one, then creating a selling scholarship essay becomes really important.

Writing an impressive scholarship essay such as writing an essay describing your financial need for the first time could be really challenging, but using a template makes it easy for you to edit and personalize your scholarship essay. Use the tips in this article to write the perfect scholarship essay that can help you stand out from other applicant.

For example, there are scholarship essay example on financial need and college scholarship essay examples. We can't leave you without some real life examples of thrilling Scholarship Essays. So here are some of them to give you an idea of what the scholarship committee is looking for. Scholarship Success by Gabby DeMott. On the edge of our seats, clutching whoever happened to be next to us, we watched as the referee blew his whistle and the German players took their free kick. We all jumped up and screamed, a mixture of German and English, of excitement and relief, of pride and anticipation.

We stood, enraptured, for the last several minutes of the game as Germany kept its lead over Sweden. They accepted us into their homes and their daily lives, their traditions and their celebrations. The acceptance I felt in Germany extended beyond that living room.

I came to the country on a three week exchange with ten other students from my school. We each stayed with host families and attended the Wildermuth Gymnasium, which was surprisingly accommodating to a gaggle of loud American teenagers. The teachers were friendly and welcoming, the students treated us like ordinary peers, and even the people I interacted with in public were understanding. It was intimidating to be in a country with limited knowledge of the language and the customs, even though everyone was welcoming.

They recognized that we were outsiders, that the place we came from had flaws, and they accepted us anyway. For example, I work at a canoe livery and we receive a lot of visitors with limited English. If people had done this to me in Germany, my time there would have been much less enjoyable; in fact, I would have been offended.

I take my time to make sure they understand, that they can have a good time, and that they feel accepted. It shares a personal story of realization. Gabby paints a clear picture of where she is, how she feels, and what her goals were in that moment. She then goes on to explain the unity of the German and American students to introduce other people in the essay. In the summer of , with my first year of medical school completed, I embarked upon my last official summer vacation with two things in mind: a basketball tournament in Dallas and one in Atlanta.

My closest friends and I had been playing in tournaments for the past 10 summers, and it was a sacred bond forged together in the name of competition. However, two weeks before our first tournament, I became instantly and overwhelmingly short of breath. Having been born to Korean immigrant parents, I was raised to utilize the hospital in emergency cases only, and I knew this was such a case.

A few scans later, doctors discovered numerous pulmonary emboli PE , caused by a subclavian deep vein thrombosis DVT , and just like that, I was lying in a bed of a major hospital for a life threatening condition. Fast forward a few months, and I am lying in a similar bed to treat the underlying cause of the subclavian DVT: a first rib removal. There is little that can adequately prepare someone physically, emotionally or spiritually to undergo surgery; and my thoughts continued to race in the days following.

In addition to the expected physical pain, isolation, fear and frustration were a few of the emotions I experienced in the four day ordeal. Quite frankly, the past nine months have been difficult, literally full of blood, sweat and tears. But through it all, I have been able to maintain my positivity and gratitude knowing that I have gained the invaluable experience of being a patient and discovering the vulnerability and trust that patients give their doctors.

Patients indulge information to doctors that they may have never told anyone in their life and in doing so, place a great deal of trust and responsibility in the hands of a doctor. Many patients will not understand the mechanism of disease behind their condition and anticipate that the doctor will explain to them and their family why it is that they are feeling the way they are and ultimately heal them. And that is precisely what my surgeon understood: the privilege of being able to care for patients and the intimacy of the doctor-patient relationship.

There are few times where a patient and their loved ones are more vulnerable and in need of compassion than when dealing with a hospitalization. Such ideals are rooted in love and compassion for patients, not as clients in the health care system, but as fellow human beings striving to make something of themselves and the world around them I.

Unfortunately, the ordeal of living with a chronic illness or undergoing a major operation extends beyond the confines of the hospital. Such foresight in anticipating financial concerns and directing me on the next steps to be taken provided relief in the surmounting stress.

This means we will make mistakes, some of which can result in life-threatening consequences. It's a captivating story. It's personal and believable. He composed an essay in a way that showed how a big ordeal in his life shifted his perspective. Life Happens Scholarship by Emily Trader. Even though the day of his funeral was undoubtedly the worst day of my life, I wish I could relive it just to be with him one more time.

Since that moment, I have felt as if all of my grief and longing resides underneath my skin with nothing to relieve the pressure. On September 8th, , I lost my voice of reason, my confidant, my cheerleader, and my best friend. Unbeknownst to me at the time, I had lost so much more. Because he did not have any form of life insurance, the financial burden of his death was now the responsibility of my mother and me.

Even though my mother works night shifts as a neonatal nurse and her commute is nearly two hours, she was forced to pick up extra shifts to support my family. Though I already had a job and I worked about ten hours a week, I now work anywhere from twenty-five to thirty-five hours a week, and I am also a full-time high honor student.

Even though the death of my father forced me to realize the importance of cherishing time with my family, I do not see them very often because of our busy schedules. I also sacrificed my social life and the joy that every senior in high school should experience.

If my father had a life insurance policy, we would not have to work ourselves to the bone and sacrifice our physical and emotional well-being to keep up with expenses. I would not have to worry so intensely about the future of my education on top of the crippling grief that I have felt over the last five months. If this devastating experience has taught me anything, it is this: financial planning for these situations is absolutely invaluable. I will not soon forget the stress and despair that I have experienced, and I now realize that to have a life insurance policy is to throw your surviving family members a crucial lifeline.

Though no one can ever prepare you for the trauma of losing a parent, life insurance allows you to grieve without the constant stress of financial burden, and for that reason, it is an absolutely essential precaution. Unsurprisingly, like pilot fish to their sharks, my career aspirations followed my varied passions: one day I wanted to be an illustrator, the next a biochemist, then a stand-up comedian.

When it came to narrowing down the choices, narrowing down myself, I felt like nothing would satisfy my ever-fluctuating intellectual appetite. But when I discovered programming, something seemed to settle. In computer science, I had found a field where I could be creative, explore a different type of language, and yes solve puzzles. Even when lines of red error messages fill my console, debugging offered me the same thrill as a particularly good puzzle.

While to others my life may seem like a jumble of incompatible fragments, like a jigsaw puzzle, each piece connects to become something more. However, there are still missing pieces at the periphery: experiences to have, knowledge to gain, bad jokes to tell. Someday I hope to solve the unsolvable. As she did that, she noticed that some parts of her seemed to contradict. She decided to use this as a thematic thread for her essay, and brainstormed other specific details that showed other contrasts.

Yup, like a Super Essay. For more essays by students who expressed their uniqueness well in their essays, click here. This is the type of challenge-based essay I discuss in the free guide , and which I call the Type A and Type C essays. Want the short version of the guide? Want the even shorter version? Here are six questions to answer in your essay:.

What was the impact on your life not emotions, which come next, but external effects? Not sure how these six questions can lead to an essay? Does every life matter? Because it seems like certain lives matter more than others, especially when it comes to money. I remember overhearing intense conversations outside the headquarters tent.

My dad and his friend were arguing that we should treat the woman regardless of the treatment cost, whereas the others were arguing that it simply cost too much to treat her. Looking back, it was a conflict between ideals—one side argued that everyone should receive treatment whereas the other argued that interventions should be based on cost-effectiveness.

I was angry for two reasons. First, because my father lost the argument. In short, that every life matters. Over the next four years I read piles of books on social justice and global health equity in order to prove my intuitive belief in a logical manner. I even took online courses at the undergraduate and graduate level. But I failed to find a clear, logical argument for why every life mattered.

I did, however, find sound arguments for the other side, supporting the idea that society should pursue the well-being of the greatest number, that interventions should mitigate the most death and disability per dollar spent. But I continued searching, even saving up pocket money to attend a summer course on global health at Brown University. I searched my memories. Why was I convinced that every life mattered? When the woman with MDR-TB came to our team, she brought along with her a boy that looked about my age.

Six years have passed since I met him, but I still remember the gaze he gave me as he left with his mother. It was, in a way, serene. It was almost as if he knew this was coming. That burdened me. This author decided to use a compelling question as his hook. He describes the many steps he took and he did a lot!

This shows his tenacity. But, again, he never fully answers it. This demonstrates vulnerability. Many essays tie things up in a neat little bow. In this case, there is no bow. Instead, the author explores the complexities surrounding this question, which shows his ability to embrace nuance.

The key here was finding a compelling question. It works, plus allowed him a chance to name a few other values that were important to him: health, liberty, and equity. Watch the Feelings and Needs Exercise , and use it to My mother came to the U. But she fell in love and eloped with the man that eventually became my father. He loved her in an unhealthy way, and was both physically and verbally abusive. My mother lacked the courage to start over so she stayed with him and slowly let go of her dreams and aspirations.

In the summer before my junior year I was offered a scholarship to study abroad in Egypt. Not to my surprise, my father refused to let me go. I accepted the scholarship. And before I returned to the U. I received the unexpected opportunity to travel to London and Paris.

It was surreal: a girl from the ghetto traveling alone around the world with a map in her hands And no man or cultural standards could dictate what I was to do. I rode the subway from Cambridge University to the British Museum. Despite the language barrier I found I had the self-confidence to approach anyone for directions. While I was in Europe enjoying my freedom, my mother moved out and rented her own place. We were proud of each other. And she vicariously lived through my experiences as I sent her pictures and told her about my adventures.

I currently live in the U. S with my mother. My father has gradually transformed from a frigid man to the loving father I always yearned for. We plan and execute school dances and create effective donation letters. After the political turmoil of the Arab Spring many Middle Eastern countries refuse to grant women equal positions in society because that would contradict Islamic texts. I believe these Islamic texts have been misinterpreted throughout time, and my journey towards my own independence has inspired me to help other women find liberation as well.

My Easter will drastically differ from past years. Rather than being locked at home, my mother and I will celebrate outdoors our rebirth and renewal. Her essay follows this simple structure: a What challenge did you face? If you are writing about challenges, you can use this simple structure as well.

This essay also follows pretty closely the Feelings and Needs structure. The main need this author identified was freedom , and she highlights this theme in the beginning when she describes feeling trapped , middle when she describes exploring Europe , and end when she describes her desire to work for the liberation of herself and others.

Watch the Feelings and Needs Exercise and make sure you do the final, seventh column. Read this essay then do this exercise , which will help you This prompt is similar to Common App prompt 3: Reflect on a time when you questioned or challenged a belief or idea. What prompted your thinking? What was the outcome? Like the authors in the essays above, you might begin with a question that you will explore for the rest of the essay.

This question keeps us engaged. Make sure to clarify the specific idea that was challenged … and how it was challenged … This may seem obvious, but I often find that students working on this prompt can get a bit foggy with what the specific idea or belief was. Getting super clear on the specific idea or belief that was challenged can help give your essay a structure. One possible structural approach to outline your essay:. Nuance and complexity can show your ability to wrestle with big ideas.

Watch the Feelings and Needs Exercise to explore in more depth the idea or belief that was challenged. Use the results of that exercise to Create your outline. It may be the simple three-part structure I mentioned above:. Watch the Feelings and Needs Exercise and use it to An example that comes to mind is this scholarship essay by Emily Trader.

Here the organization is a group of life insurance companies, and their prompt specifically tells you to mention their mission. The Little Porch and a Dog. I t was the first Sunday of April. My siblings and I were sitting at the dinner table giggling and spelling out words in our alphabet soup.

The phone rang and my mother answered. It was my father; he was calling from prison in Oregon. Fortunately, my father was bailed out of prison by a family friend in Yakima. Unfortunately, though, most of our life savings was spent on his bail. My father went from being a costurero sewing worker to being a water-filter salesman, mosaic tile maker, lemon deliverer, and butcher. Money became an issue at home, so I started helping out more. Sundays and summertime were spent cleaning houses with my mother.

I worked twice as hard in school. I helped clean my church, joined the choir, and tutored my younger sister in math. Slowly, life improved. Then I received some life-changing news. The lawyer had an idea: I had outstanding grades and recommendation letters. If we could show the judge the importance of my family remaining here to support my education, perhaps we had a chance. So I testified. Testifying in court helped me grow as a person, has made me more open-minded and aware of the problems facing my community.

And my involvement in the urban farm has led me to consider a career as a nutritionist. Though neither of my parents attended college, they understand that college is a key factor to a bright future and therefore have been very supportive. And though we don't yet have the house with the small porch and the dog, we're still holding out hope.

Again, this author uses the following simple structure:. By ending with her career we get a sense of where she is headed. Tip: You can list your current dream even if you change your mind later. Having said this, if you are NOT writing about a challenge for this prompt…. If you know your future career, read this essay then do this exercise. Take any of the great essays above and add sentences explaining where the money will go. Like this, for example:. While I have received a full scholarship to attend Georgetown, my financial aid package does not include money for my airfare, school supplies, or books.

The funds from this scholarship would help cover those costs. The ending of that essay which is also above reads:. That might look like this:. I believe college and this scholarship can help. Approach 2: The Financial Details Approach. Take a look:. There is a problem, however, and it is a financial one. Here are some more details of my financial situation. Currently, my father works as an assistant supervisor for American Apparel Co. The income my father receives weekly barely meets paying the bills.

My parents cannot afford to have medical insurance, so they do not have a medical bill. Other payments such as the phone bill, internet bill, and groceries also add to the list. But in order to make ends meet my father usually works overtime and tailors clothes for people in our neighborhood.

My family is on an extremely tight budget and unfortunately cannot afford to pay for my schooling. I have worked my way up and was recently awarded Valedictorian for the class of My goals and my aspiration of becoming a nutritionist have helped me push forward. I appreciate your time in reconsidering my financial aid award. This scholarship could change my life. This approach still answers the prompt. Your readers are nice people and they want to help you submit a great application! Watch the lessons on your own or via the live option.

Graduate School. Online Courses. Free Resources. College Application Hub. International Students. Personal Statement. Supplemental Essays. University of California. College Admissions. Matchlighters Scholarship. College Admission Essentials. College Essay Essentials. Essay Workshop In A Box. Email Me. Can I re-use college essays as scholarship essays? Why do you deserve this scholarship? How will this scholarship help you? Here are the top 10 most common scholarship essay prompts: Tell us about you.

Or another very generic bio request What impact has sports had on your life? Or some other athletics-related question How have you contributed to your community, or what community service have you provided? Where do you find Scholarships? Could I write an essay that works for multiple prompts? Discuss your background, identity, interest, or talent [Similar to Common App prompt 1] Tell us about a time you failed and what you learned from it. We shall. The "Tell us about you" scholarship essay.

Boring essay: common topic common connections common achievements common language. Stand-out essay: un common topic un common connections un common achievements un common language. Quick definitions: Topic : Certain sports like basketball are more common than others like indoor skydiving. Stay with me. You get the idea. Examples: An uncommon connection to [football] might be [resourcefulness, healthy boundaries, critical thinking, etc.

Example: Football has made me a better reader. Write a draft using the resources linked above. Here are six questions to answer in your essay: What was the failure you experienced? How did you feel? What were the needs underlying your feelings? What did you do to meet those needs? What did you learn from the experience?

Write your first draft. Finally, we were free. Write a draft. If you are NOT writing about a challenge… Read this essay then do this exercise , which will help you Some quick tips and ideas for this essay: Like the authors in the essays above, you might begin with a question that you will explore for the rest of the essay.

It may be the simple three-part structure I mentioned above: What led you to develop your initial belief s? What happened?